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Amount Relative Clauses in English and Romanian: a Minimalist Approach

Autor(i): Alina Resceanu
Editura: Universitaria
Anul aparitiei: 2016
Nr. pagini: 224 pagini
Limba: engleza
Tip coperta: necartonata
ISBN: 978-606-14-0961-7
Pret:  40,90 lei
Disponibilitate: in stoc furnizor
Livrare estimativă: 7 zile

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CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………9

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION......................................................................11

CHAPTER 2

THE SYNTAX OF RELATIVE CLAUSES........................................20

2.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 20

2.2. The Competing Proposals ............................................................................ 21

2.2.1 The Complementation/Head Raising Analysis (HRA) ............................ 21

2.2.1.1 Antisymmetry and its consequences on the analysis of headed

relative clauses (Kayne 1994, Borsley 1997) .............................................. 23

2.2.1.2. Headraising revised ...................................................................... 28

2.2.1.3. Promotion and feature movement ............................................... 30

2.2.2 The Adjunction/Matching Analysis (MA) ............................................... 32

2.3 Advantages and disadvantages of the two approaches ............................... 36

2.3.1 Arguments in favour of the HRA ........................................................... 37

2.3.1.1 Headinternal relatives ................................................................... 37

2.3.1.2 The pivot function .......................................................................... 38

2.3.1.3 Indefiniteness of the trace ............................................................. 38

2.3.2 Problems for the HRA ............................................................................ 40

2.3.2.1 Relative pronouns cannot take an NP complement ....................... 40

2.3.2.2 Trigger for the movement of the NP .............................................. 41

2.3.2.3 Case ................................................................................................ 43

2.3.2.4 Piedpiping ...................................................................................... 44

2.4 Reconstruction effects in English and Romanian restrictive relative

clauses……………………………………………………………………………………………………………46

2.4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................... 46

2.4.2 Idiom interpretation .............................................................................. 46

2.4.3 Variable binding ..................................................................................... 53

2.4.4 Scope ..................................................................................................... 54

2.4.5 The interpretation of superlative adjectives ......................................... 55

2.4.6 Reconstruction for binding .................................................................... 58

2.4.7 Principle C .............................................................................................. 62

2.4.7.1 Asymmetry between relative clauses and whinterrogatives ........ 62

2.4.7.2 Asymmetry between complements and adjuncts .......................... 66

2.4.7.3 Asymmetry between the external head and the operator phrase 68

2.4.7.4 Principle C and idioms/variable binding/scope reconstruction ..... 70

2.4.8 Conclusions ............................................................................................ 71

2.5 Nonreconstruction of the external head ..................................................... 71

2.5.1 Idioms and anaphors ............................................................................. 71

2.5.2 Extraposition .......................................................................................... 73

2.6 Conclusions ................................................................................................... 74

CHAPTER 3

AMOUNT RELATIVE CLAUSES IN ENGLISH..............................76

3.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 76

3.2 What is an amount relative clause? Defining “amount” as a relative of the

third kind ............................................................................................................ 78

3.2.1. Typology of relative clauses ................................................................. 79

3.2.2. Descriptive characteristics of amount relatives ................................... 85

3.2.2.1 There insertion contexts ................................................................. 85

3.2.2.2 Antecedentcontained deletion ..................................................... 90

3.2.2.3 Contexts of cardinality ........................................................................ 92

3.3.3 Ambiguous contexts .............................................................................. 94

(Identity of substance vs. identity of quantity) .............................................. 94

3.3 Degrees and maximality ............................................................................... 95

3.4 Properties of English amount relatives ........................................................ 98

3.4.1 Restriction on determiners .................................................................... 99

3.4.1.1 Thereinsertion contexts ................................................................ 99

3.4.1.2 Carlson's range of determiners in contexts of cardinality ........... 102

3.4.1.3 Determiner selection and reconstruction .................................... 104

3.4.2 Complementizer selection ................................................................... 104

3.4.3 Stacking ................................................................................................ 107

3.5 Syntactic analyses of ARs ............................................................................ 109

3.5.1 Carlson’s (1977) and Grosu&Landman’s (1998) approach to raising .. 109

3.5.2 von Fintel’ s (1999) meaning of chains ................................................ 111

3.5.3 Herdan’s (2008) superlative theory of amount relatives .................... 111

3.6 Conclusions ................................................................................................. 113

CHAPTER 4

AMOUNT RELATIVE CLAUSES IN ROMANIAN........................115

4.1 Introduction ................................................................................................ 115

4.2. Properties of amount relative clauses (AR) in Romanian .......................... 119

4.2.1 Restriction on relativizers (internal determiners) ............................... 120

4.2.2 Selection of the external determiner .................................................. 125

4.2.3 Stacking ................................................................................................ 129

4.3 Types of amount relative clauses in Romanian .......................................... 130

4.3.1 Indefinite ARs ...................................................................................... 131

4.3.1.1 Atât...cât ARs ................................................................................ 132

4.3.1.2 ARs with indefinite quantifiers .................................................... 136

4.3.2.3 ARs with cardinals......................................................................... 137

4.3.2 Definite ARs ......................................................................................... 142

4.3.3 ARs with (overt or covert) gradable NP heads .................................... 145

4.4 Syntax of degree phrases in Romanian ...................................................... 147

4.4.1 A brief overview of the theoretical approaches to degrees ................ 148

4.4.2 Monotonicity and the structure of gradable predicates ..................... 158

4.4.3 DegP cât in degree constructions ........................................................ 163

4.5. The Syntactic analysis of ARs in Romanian ................................................ 176

4.5.1 Head internal and head external analyses .......................................... 177

4.5.2 Deriving ARs ........................................................................................ 179

4.6 Conclusions ................................................................................................. 189

CHAPTER 5

CONCLUSIONS......................................................................193

SUMMARY IN ROMANIAN/ REZUMAT..................................196

BIBLIOGRAPHY.....................................................................211