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The basics of nominal reference

Autor(i): Claudia Pisoschi
Editura: Universitaria
Anul aparitiei: 2012
Nr. pagini: 220 pagini
Tip coperta: necartonata
ISBN: 978-606-14-0440-7
Disponibilitate:  la cerere
Pret:  34,20 LEI

Descriere

CONTENTS

I. MORPHOLOGY – A BRANCH OF

LINGUISTICS………………………………………………….…. 7

1.1. The connection between

the various branches of linguistics………….……….…….. 7

1.2. The basic unit of analysis………………………………... 8

1.3. The domain of Morphology.

Derivation and inflection……………………………………....12

1.3.1. The domain of Morphology…………………….. 12

1.3.2. Derivation and inflection………………………...13

Topics for discussion………………………………………….16

II. ARTICLES AS DETERMINERS…………………………..…19

2. 1. Determination and determiners……………………..…19

2. 2. The article as a determiner…………………………..…23

2.2.1. Definition…………………………………......23

2.2.2. Classification……………………………..….23

2.2.3. Form. General characteristics…………....24

2.2.4. Functions………………………………..…...25

Topics for discussion……………………………………..……40

III. THE NOUN……………………………………………….……45

3.1. Definition…………………………………………….………45

3.2. Classification……………………………………………….46

3.2.1. The semantic criterion………………………..46

3.2.2. The formal criterion……………………….…..49

3.2.3. The structural criterion……………………….50

3.3. Grammatical categories ………………………………… 50

3.3.1. The number of nouns…………….…………….51

4

3.3.1.1. Count/ Individual nouns……..……....51

3.3.1.2. Mass/Uncount/Invariable nouns.......59

3.3.2. The gender of nouns…………………….……..62

3.3.3. The case of nouns………………………………73

3.4. Syntactic functions……………………………..……..85

Topics for discussion……………………………………..……86

IV. THE ADJECTIVE…………………………….……………….93

4.1. Definition………………………………………..……….93

4.2. Classification……………………………….…………..94

4.2.1. Classification in point of form………….…...94

4.2.2. Classification in point of meaning………….96

4.2.3. Classification in point of

function…………………………………………99

4.2.4. Classification in point of position….……..102

4.3. Characteristics……………………………….………105

4.4. Grammatical categories…………………………….106

4.5. Miscellanea……………………………………...…….114

4.5.1. Morpho-semantic aspects………………….114

4.5.2. Morpho-syntactic aspects………………….116

4.5.2.1. Supplementive adjective

clauses………………………….…………115

4.5.2.2. Degree complements……….………119

4.5.3. Pragmatic aspects………………….………..122

Topics for discussion………………………………………...130

V. THE PRONOUN……………………………………………..135

5.1. Definition..................................................................137

5.2. Characteristics........................................................137

5.3. Classification ..........................................................141

5

5.3.1. Personal pronouns......................................141

5.3.1.1. Inflection .........................................141

5.3.1.2. Reference and role in

communication .................................................154

5.3.1.3. Substantivization ...........................166

5.3.1.4. Syntactic functions.........................167

5.3.2. Possessive pronouns and

adjectives......................................................168

5.3.2.1. Characteristics................................168

5.3.2.2. Syntactic functions.........................169

5.3.2.3. Pragmatic aspects..........................170

5.3.3. SELF pronouns............................................173

5.3.3.1. Form..................................................173

5.3.3.2. Classification ..................................174

5.3.3.3. Syntactic functions and

distribution.............................................175

5.3.4. Demonstrative pronouns ...........................178

5.3.4.1. Inventory and characteristics .......178

5.3.4.2. Demonstrative adjectives ..............180

5.3.4.3. Demonstrative pronouns vs 3-rd

person personal pronouns....................184

5.3.5. Reciprocal pronoun...s. ..................................187

5. 3.5.1. Form.....................................................187

5.3.5.2. Meaning............................................187

5.3.5.3. Syntactic functions.........................187

5.3.5.4. Pragmatic tendencies....................188

5.3.6. Interrogative and relative pronouns..........188

5.3.6.1. Inventory and characteristics........188

5.3.6.2. Semantic and pragmatic aspects..192

5.3.6.3. Relative pronouns and

adjectives...............................................194

6

5.3.7. Indefinite pronouns......................................195

5.3.7.1. Definition...........................................195

5.3.7.2. Origin................................................196

5.3.7.3. Classification...................................196

5.3.7.4. Characteristics................................196

5.3.7.5. The all, every, each group..............197

5.3.7.6. The both, (n)either group...............199

5.3.7.7. The some, any, no group...............200

5.3.7.8. The much, many, (a) few, (a) little

group.......................................................204

5.3.7.9. The other, another group ...............205

Topics for discussion.........................................................206

BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………..215